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Comparison of First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Patients with Acute Myocardial ...
  • Date2021-02-23 19:04
  • Update2021-02-23 19:04
  • CountersignatureDivision of Research Planning
  • Tel043-719-8033

Journal of Interventional Cardiology, 2020.2020, 1710439-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/1710439


Comparison of First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Prediabetes Based on the Hemoglobin A1c Level

Yong Hoon Kim, Myung Ho Jeong; Byeong-Keuk Kim; Sung-Jin Hong; Seunghwan Kim; Chul-Min Ahn; Jung-Sun Kim; Young-Guk Ko; Donghoon Choi; Myeong-Ki Hong; Yangsoo Jang


Abstract

    Objective: To compare major clinical outcomes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with first-generation (1G) drug-eluting stents (DES) and second-generation (2G) DES in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and prediabetes.
    Background: Patients with prediabetes are associated with an increased incidence of coronary artery disease. The relative superiority of 1G- and 2G-DES in these patients is not well established.
    Methods: A total of 4997 patients with AMI and prediabetes were divided into two groups: the 1D-DES group (n = 726) and the 2G-DES group (n = 4271). The primary outcomes were the patient-oriented composite outcomes (POCOs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI), and any disease revascularization at 2-year follow-up. The secondary outcome was probable or definite stent thrombosis (ST).

    Results: After propensity score-matching (PSM) analysis, two PSM groups (698 pairs, n = 1396, C-statistics = 0.725) were generated. The cumulative incidence rates of POCOs (hazard ratio (HR): 1.467; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.068–2.015; p = 0.018), any disease revascularization (HR: 2.259; 95% CI: 1.397–3.654; p = 0.001), and ST (HR: 4.361; 95% CI: 1.243–15.30; p = 0.021) in the 1G-DES group were significantly higher than those in the 2G-DES group. However, the cumulative incidence rates of all-cause death, cardiac death, and Re-MI were similar between the two groups.
    Conclusions: In patients with AMI and prediabetes, 2G-DES implantation was more efficacious than 1G-DES implantation over a 2-year follow-up period. However, further studies are needed to confirm these results.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


This public work may be used under the terms of the public interest source This public work may be used under the terms of the public interest source
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