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Strictly lobar microbleeds reflect amyloid angiopathy regardless of cerebral and cerebellar ...
  • Date2021-02-23 16:10
  • Update2021-02-23 16:10
  • CountersignatureDivision of Research Planning
  • Tel043-719-8033

Stroke, 2020.51(12), 3600-3607, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.028487


Strictly lobar microbleeds reflect amyloid angiopathy regardless of cerebral and cerebellar compartments

Young Hee Jung, Hyemin Jang; Seong Beom Park; Yeong Sim Choe; Yuhyun Park; Sung Hoon Kang; Jong Min Lee; Ji Sun Kim; Jaeho Kim; Jun Pyo Kim; Hee Jin Kim; Duk L. Na; Sang Won Seo


Abstract

    Background and purpose: We aimed to determine whether lobar cerebellar microbleeds or concomitant lobar cerebellar and deep microbleeds, in the presence of lobar cerebral microbleeds, attribute to underlying advanced cerebral amyloid angiopathy pathology or hypertensive arteriopathy.
    Methods: We categorized 71 patients with suspected cerebral amyloid angiopathy markers (regardless of the presence of deep and cerebellar microbleeds) into 4 groups according to microbleed distribution: L (strictly lobar cerebral, n=33), L/LCbll (strictly lobar cerebral and strictly lobar cerebellar microbleeds, n=13), L/Cbll/D (lobar, cerebellar, and deep microbleeds, n=17), and L/D (lobar and deep, n=8). We additionally categorized patients with cerebellar microbleeds into 2 groups according to dentate nucleus involvement: strictly lobar cerebellar (n=16) and dentate (n=14). We then compared clinical characteristics, Aβ (amyloid-β) positivity on PET (positron emission tomography), magnetic resonance imaging cerebral amyloid angiopathy markers, and cerebral small vessel disease burden among groups.
    Results: The frequency of Aβ positivity was higher in the L and L/LCbll groups (81.8% and 84.6%) than in the L/Cbll/D and L/D groups (37.5% and 29.4%; P<0.001), while lacune numbers were lower in the L and L/LCbll groups (1.7±3.3 and 1.7±2.6) than in the L/Cbll/D and L/D groups (8.0±10.3 and 13.4±17.7, P=0.001). The L/LCbll group had more lobar cerebral microbleeds than the L group (93.2±121.8 versus 38.0±40.8, P=0.047). The lobar cerebellar group had a higher Aβ positivity (75% versus 28.6%, P=0.011) and lower lacune number (2.3±3.7 versus 8.6±1.2, P=0.041) than the dentate group.
    Conclusions: Strictly lobar cerebral and cerebellar microbleeds are related to cerebral amyloid angiopathy, whereas any combination of concurrent lobar and deep microbleeds suggest hypertensive angiopathy regardless of cerebral or cerebellar compartments.


     Keywords: cerebral amyloid angiopathy; hypertension; magnetic resonance imaging; risk factors; siderosis.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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