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Scientific reports, 2020.10(1), 14932-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-72163-8
A biocomposite-based rapid sampling assay for circulating cell-free DNA in liquid biopsy samples from human cancers
Koo B, Jun E;Liu H;Kim E;Park YY;Lim SB;Kim S;Shin Y
Cell-free nucleic acids (cfNAs) in liquid biopsy samples are emerging as important biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and monitoring, and for predicting treatment outcomes. Many cfNA isolation methods have been developed recently. However, most of these techniques are time-consuming, complex, require large equipment, and yield low-purity cfNAs because the genetic background of normal cells is amplified during cell lysis, which limits their clinical application. Here, we report a rapid and simple cfNA sampling platform that can overcome the limitations of conventional methods. We synthesised a biocomposite by combining amine-modified diatomaceous earth (DE) and cucurbituril (CB). The biocomposite platform showed high capture efficiency (86.78–90.26%) with genomic DNA and amplified DNA products (777, 525 and 150 bp). The biocomposite platform allowed the isolation of high purity and quantity cfDNAs from the plasma of 13 cancer patients (three colorectal cancer and ten pancreatic cancer samples) without requiring a lysis step or special equipment. The biocomposite platform may be useful to isolate cfNAs for the diagnosis and treatment of cancers in clinical applications.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-72163-8
- ISBN or ISSN: 2045-2322
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.