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Cancer letters, 2020.475, 2-13, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2020.01.023
Tumor-derived exosomal miR-619-5p promotes tumor angiogenesis and metastasis through the inhibition of RCAN1.4
Kim D, Park S;Kim H;Choi Y;Kim S;Sung K;Sung Y;Choi CM;Yun M;Yi YS;Lee C;Kim SY;Lee J;Rho J
Tumor-derived exosomes (TEXs) contain enriched miRNAs that act as novel non-invasive biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and play a role in cancer progression. We investigated the exosomal miRNAs that affect cancer progression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and identified the specific molecules involved. We identified that specific miRNAs in NSCLC cell-released exosomes can modulate angiogenesis, among which miR-619-5p was the most potent inducer. RCAN1.4 was identified as a target of miR-619-5p and its suppression promoted angiogenesis.
Furthermore, the suppression of RCAN1.4 induced cell proliferation and metastasis in NSCLC cells. In patients with NSCLC, the level of RCAN1.4 expression was significantly lower, and that of miR-619-5p significantly higher, in tumor than normal lung tissues. miR-619-5p expression was higher than normal in exosomes isolated from the plasma of NSCLC patients. Finally, hypoxic conditions induced miR-619-5p upload into NSCLC cell-derived exosomes. Our findings indicate that exosomal miR-619-5p promotes the growth and metastasis of NSCLCs by regulating RCAN1.4 and can serve as a diagnostic indicator for these lung cancers.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2020.01.023
- ISBN or ISSN: 0304-3835
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.