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Thyroid, 2020.30(11), 1625-1638, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/thy.2020.0105
High Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Expression Induces Stemness and Aggressiveness in Thyroid Cancer
Jeon M, You MH;Han J;Sim S;Yoo H;Lee W;Kim T;Song D;Shong Y;Kim W;Kim W
Background: We examined the changes in glucose metabolites of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and identified phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) as a potential target. The role of PHGDH in the proliferation and tumorigenesis of thyroid cancer cells and its clinical significance were analyzed.
Methods: Glucose metabolites of various thyroid tissues were analyzed via targeted metabolomics analysis.
In vitro experiments using shPHGDHs, inhibitor (NCT503), or PHGDH overexpression in thyroid cell lines (BCPAP, 8505C, and Nthy-Ori) were performed. In vivo experiments were performed by using shPHGDH. Human tissue samples and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data were used to validate the experimental findings.
Results: PHGDH knockdown in BCPAP and 8505c cell lines significantly inhibited cell viability, colony formation, and tumor spheroid formation compared with the control. In addition, treatment with NCT503 showed similar results. PHGDH inhibition by both knockdown and treatment with NCT503 significantly inhibited the expression of embryonic cancer stemness markers (Oct4, Sox2, KLF4, and Nanog). PHGDH overexpression in Nthy-Ori cells significantly increased cell viability and colony formation. The stemness markers were significantly increased after PHGDH overexpression. PHGDH knockdown significantly inhibited tumor growth in an in vivo mouse xenograft study using 8505c cells. The protein expression of Oct4 in tumors was significantly reduced after PHGDH knockdown. The associations between PHGDH expression and stemness markers were confirmed in the TCGA data and human thyroid tissue samples. Positive PHGDH protein expression was associated with metastases of PTC.
Conclusions: PHGDH expression is induced in thyroid cancer and is associated with stemness and aggressiveness of PTC.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/thy.2020.0105
- ISBN or ISSN: 1050-7256
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.