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Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, 2020.34(6), 107574-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107574
Effect of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors on major clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction and prediabetes or diabetes after successful implantation of newer-generation drug-eluting stents
Yong Hoon Kim, Myung Ho Jeong; Byeong-Keuk Kim; Sung-Jin Hong; Seunghwan Kim; Chul-Min Ahn; Jung-Sun Kim; Young-Guk Ko; Donghoon Choi; Myeong-Ki Hong; Yangsoo Jang
Aim: To investigate the comparative effectiveness of renin-angiotensin system inhibitor (RASI) therapy on major clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and prediabetes or diabetes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs).
Methods: A total of 11,962 patients with AMI were divided into six groups according to glycemic status and the presence or absence of RASI therapy: normoglycemia (n = 3,080; RASI+ [n = 2,496], RASI- [n = 584]), prediabetes (n = 3,709; RASI+ [n = 2,944], RASI- [n = 765]), and diabetes (n = 5,173; RASI+ [n = 4,133], RASI- [n = 1,040]). The major endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), or any repeat revascularization.
Results: After adjustment, in RASI users, the cumulative incidence of re-MI of the diabetes group was significantly higher than that of the prediabetes group (aHR, 1.999; 95% CI, 1.153-3.467; p = 0.014). However, the cumulative incidences of MACEs, all-cause death, and any repeat revascularization were similar between the two groups during a 2-year follow-up period.
Conclusions: In the era of newer-generation DESs, RASI therapy did not reduce re-MI in patients with AMI and diabetes in this study.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107574
- ISBN or ISSN: 1056-8727
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.