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Tissue Engineering: part A, 2019. 25(23-24), 1575-1576, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2019.0056
Suppression of SPRY4 Promotes Osteogenic Differentiation and Bone Formation of Mesenchymal Stem Cell
Sunghyun Park, Yoshie Arai; Byoung ju Kim; Alvin Bello; Sajjad Ashraf; Hansoo Park; Kyung-soon Park; Soo-Hong Lee
The directed differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) into different cell types has shown great therapeutic potential in treating various diseases. To maximize the therapeutic potentials, researchers have tried manipulating master tranional genes that promote efficient differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) such as the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. Sprouty (SPRY) is a family of proteins that are known to inhibit the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. Although the role of some SPRY isoforms in MSC differentiation is known, the function of SPRY4 isoform has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the role of SPRY4 in the multilineage differentiation of hASCs has been elucidated. To investigate the role of SPRY4 in hASC differentiation and tissue regeneration, we performed a transient knockdown of SPRY expression via a small interfering RNA (siSPRY4). Western blot and quantitative polymerase chain reaction results revealed that the treatment of siSPRY4 before induction of differentiation had no significant effect on adipogenic, but reduced chondrogenic, differentiation of hASCs. Interestingly, SPRY4 transient knockdown had a significant effect on the osteogenic differentiation as indicated by the increased messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression of osteogenic markers such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP; 2.3-fold) and osteopontin (OPN; 3.5-fold) and increased calcium deposition measured via Alizarin red staining (3.3-fold). Moreover, in vivo tissue regeneration of siSPRY4-treated hASCs in ectopic bone formation and calvarial defect mouse models showed higher bone volume (5.24-fold) and trabecular number (4.59-fold) assessed via histological and microcomputed tomography analyses. We also determined that the enhanced osteogenic differentiation in SPRY4-treated hASCs was due to the induction of ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Taken together, our results suggest that the regulation of SPRY4 through MAPK signaling is a potentially critical aspect on the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs and for bone tissue regeneration, and thus, may be utilized as a potent technique in the development of effective bone therapeutics.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2019.0056
- ISBN or ISSN: 1937-3341
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.